Knee effusion or fluid on the knee is a medical condition wherein there is a fluid buildup around your knee and the fluid on the knee treatment greatly depends on the root cause of that condition. Your knee joint contains a favorable amount of fluid for lubrication. The small amount of fluid in your joint also protects its surrounding structures from damage and injuries. However, a very visible knee swelling is definitely abnormal. Aside from knee swelling, additional symptoms include knee pain and stiffness. The most common and reported causes of fluid on the knee include infection, injuries and certain types of diseases such as Osteoarthritis.
One of the most common causes of knee effusion is trauma which includes car accidents, falls, and sports injuries. These traumas might lead to fractures in your knee, a torn ligament or cartilage as well as patellar injuries. Moreover, fluid on the knee might be due to overuse injuries which include repetitive hopping or squatting which is done at play or at work. Individuals who are obese or overweight are actually prone to this type of condition. Infection is also one of the root causes of fluid on the knee treatment. Certain medical conditions such as gout, pseudogout, osteoarthritis, cysts and rheumatoid arthritis are also common causes of knee effusion.
If the root of your knee effusion is due to overuse syndromes or knee trauma, there are possibilities that you might suffer from joint effusion and edema. Effusion is defined as an increased swelling around or inside the affected knee joint structures.
Symptoms of Knee Effusion
The common symptoms of knee effusion include knee swelling, redness, warmth to touch along with limited mobility on the affected knee. This means that there are instances when you cannot bend or straighten your knee compared to your unaffected knee. Limited knee mobility is due to trauma. Sometimes, you might also notice some bruising on the affected side of your knee. If your knee effusion is due to osteoarthritis, the pain will worsen during weight-bearing activities. Thus, you need to avoid weight-bearing activities in order alleviate the pain and promote fluid on the knee treatment.
Treatment for Knee Effusion
Fluid on the knee might be due to various medical conditions. Therefore, your medical health provider might execute imaging tests in order to properly rule out your condition. These imaging tests include magnetic resonance imaging, ultrasonography and X-ray.
• MRI or magnetic resonance imaging – it is a medical imaging test used to visualize the internal structures of your body. This imaging technique is capable of detecting ligament and tendon injuries.
• Ultrasonography – it is a non-invasive medical technique which will help evaluate joint swelling and pain. It is a medical technique wherein it visualizes tendons, muscles, joint or any internal organs.
• X-ray – it is a type of electromagnetic radiation. This kind of medical imaging technique is capable of detecting bone structures.
Fluid on the knee treatment includes taking prescribed medications as well as performing a procedure that will remove the fluid buildup in your knee in order to reduce knee swelling and pain. Pain medications, corticosteroids and antibiotics are types of drugs used in treating the fluid on the knee.
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